Issuing companies and guarantors

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Guarantors:
RELX PLC
(joint & several guarantor)(1)(4)
RELX NV
(joint & several guarantor)(1)(4)
Issuers:
UK
Netherlands
US
Switzerland
RELX (Investments) plc
RELX Finance BV (2)
RELX Inc. (3)(4)
RELX Capital Inc. (4)
Elsevier Finance SA
Reed Elsevier Properties SA

(1) The debt originally issued by Harcourt General, Inc. is not guaranteed by RELX PLC and RELX NV.

(2) Includes loan notes originally issued by Elsevier Finance SA, and jointly and severally guaranteed by RELX PLC and RELX NV.

(3) Includes debt issued in the name of Harcourt General, Inc. that was merged into RELX Inc. (formerly called Reed Elsevier Inc.) on 30 November 2002. As such, all Harcourt General, Inc. debt is an obligation of RELX Inc.; this debt was not part of the sale of the Harcourt Education businesses. The debt originally issued by Harcourt General, Inc. is not guaranteed by RELX PLC and RELX NV.

(4) The name of Reed Elsevier Capital Inc. was changed to RELX Capital Inc. on 14 April 2015, Reed Elsevier PLC and Reed Elsevier NV were changed to RELX PLC and RELX NV respectively on 1 July 2015, Reed Elsevier Inc. was changed to RELX Inc. on 31 August 2015, and Reed Elsevier (Investments) plc was changed to RELX (Investments) plc on 2 November 2015.